Our Work What We Do Sanitation Sanitation is essential to prevent disease and malnutrition. It boosts dignity and safety, especially amongst women, and it keeps girls in school. Adequate sanitation together with good hygiene practices are necessary to keep water sources and solutions clean and uncontaminated. 2.4 billion people globally do not have access to improved sanitation facilities. Of these people, 946 million are forced to defecate in the open. We support communities through these sanitation solutions: LatrinesCovered shelters with a pit below provide privacy and safety for toilet users. Household latrinesVary from a simple pit latrine - a hole in the ground with a covered shelter - to a flushing toilet, depending on the country. Communal latrine blocksThese are gender sensitive and feature washrooms. Where possible consideration is made for people with disabilities. School latrine blocks are essentially the same, are gender sensitive and feature washrooms for girls. Teachers have separate latrines. UrinalsFunction effectively to prevent latrine pits filling up too quickly. Urinals are necessary when there is a high volume of children in a school or community using a latrine. Drainage trainingCommunity training in the construction of soak pits and proper drainage channels. Village drainage is often left to nature and this causes contamination of water sources. Waste management trainingCommunities are trained in recycling, rubbish disposal, keeping the village clean, and the hygienic and safe disposal of human waste.