Sudan & South Sudan
Sudan has been in an almost constant state of civil war and unrest since 1955. The signing of a Comprehensive Peace Agreement in 2010 granted autonomy to the southern region of the country and a referendum in January 2011 allowed South Sudan to become independent in July of that year.
Conflict in the region, however, is ongoing and the humanitarian crisis continues to worsen as hundreds of thousands of displaced people from both within the Sudan, South Sudan and some neighbouring countries continue to congregate in massive refugee communities in an attempt to flee the fighting conflict.
These masses of displaced people, the largest of which constitute about 86,000 refugees located in two main sites of Doro and Jimam, lack every basic need that can be imagined. Aid agencies are scrambling to try to alleviate the suffering in these areas, but the loss of life due to malnutrition and water related diseases like cholera and malaria is going to continue to climb at frightening rates unless much more is done to provide water and sanitation services.
Meaningful statistics on the situation in the Sudan region tend to be difficult to obtain. The UN ranks the whole Sudan area (North and South Sudan) at 162nd (out of a total of 187) on the UN Human Development Index which measures life expectancy, educational attainment and income per capita. This takes averages and so is not reflective of the extreme levels of poverty and need in some of the areas worst hit by decades of conflict and the more recent humanitarian crisis created by the displacement of thousands of people.
What is safe to say though, is that the sanitation situation in both Sudan and South Sudan is desperate and will continue to be an area of huge need for years beyond the current immediate crisis.
Just a Drop has completed three projects in Sudan, all in the Darfur region. We look forward to being able to continue to assist villages and communities in these most needy nations in years to come.