Grenada is made up of a small group of islands in the Caribbean Sea and at only 344 sq km and with a population of 109,000, it is one of the World’s smallest independent nation states. This tropical, hurricane-prone country benefits mostly from tourism and is one of the world’s preeminent producers of nutmeg.
Surface water resources are abundant for most of the year, but the country suffers from temporary water scarcities towards the end of the dry season. This is compounded by the poor state of the water infrastructure, which loses significant amounts of water through leakages.
Growing tourism and increases in agricultural activity, and associated pollutants, put additional strain on Grenada’s water resources.
Despite relatively high levels of poverty, access to drinking water and improved sanitation systems is nearly ubiquitous. The large majority of households benefit from water piped into their homes, even if the water quality can occasionally be variable. In urban areas ca. 3% don’t yet have access, which rises to ca. 7% in rural areas and affects a few thousand people overall. Sewage systems don’t exist outside of urban areas, so sanitation in rural areas is provided mainly by pit latrines and septic tanks.
On 7th September 2004, Hurricane Ivan brought catastrophe to Grenada. Just a Drop – with support from the Institute of Travel and Tourism – provided a village with a new water system and the installation of some water storage tanks.